Go to the NASA Homepage
Search >
Click to Search
Human Systems Integration Division homepageHuman Systems Integration Division homepage Organization pageOrganization page Technical Areas pageTechnical Areas page Outreach and Publications pageOutreach and Publications page Contact pageContact page
Human Systems Integration Division Homepage
Outreach & Publications Sidebar Header
Go to the Outreach & Publications pageGo to the Outreach & Publications page
Go to Awards pageGo to Awards page
Go to News pageGo to News page
Go to Factsheets pageGo to Factsheets page
Go to Multimedia pageGo to Multimedia page
Go to Human Factors 101 pageGo to Human Factors 101 page
What is Human System Integration? Website
Publication Header
Human-rating for automated and robotic systems  (2011)
Abstract Header
Long duration human space exploration demands unprecedented levels of automation, to carry the load of vehicle management for the new explorers, and assist their exploration work with new capability. Automated and robotic systems are probably sophisticated and sturdy enough to do this work – but such systems have never been human-rated like all other NASA systems used in human space flight. We present here a perspective on architecture and requirements for the interfaces and interactions between human explorers and their array of automated systems; and we present a necessary approach to human-rate the systems for the space program: for surface operations as well as for in-flight monitoring and control. We continue to hope this topic will be an invitation to dialog and to consideration of a difficult issue that will face new generations of explorers and their supporters back on Earth.
Private Investigators Header
Authors Header
Groups Header
Keywords Header
automated, human, Human-rating, rating, robotic, systems
References Header
Proceedings of the Fourth IEEE SpaceMission Challenges – Information Technologies Conference, Palo Alto, California, August 2-4, 2011
Go to the First Gov Homepage
Go to the NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration Homepage
Curator: Phil So
NASA Official: Alonso Vera
Last Updated: August 15, 2019