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Monitoring and Correcting Autonomic Function Aboard Mir: NASA Technology used in Space and on Earth to Facilitate Adaptation  (1999)
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The broad objective of the research was to study individual characteristics of human adaptation to long duration spaceflight and possibilities of their correction using autonomic conditioning. The changes in autonomic state during adaptation to microgravity can have profound effects on the operational efficiency of crewmembers and may result in debilitating biomedical symptoms. Ground-based and inflight experiment results showed that certain responses of autonomic nervous system were correlated with, or consistently preceded, reports of performance decrements or the symptoms. Autogenic-Feedback-Training Exercise (AFTE) is a physiological conditioning method that has been used to train people to voluntary control several of their own physiological responses. The specific objectives were: 1) To study human autonomic nervous system (ANS) responses to sustained exposure to microgravity; 2) To study human behavior/performance changes related to physiology; 3) To evaluate the effectiveness of preflight autonomic conditioning (AFTE) for facilitating adaptation to space and readaptation to Earth; and 4) To archive these data for the NASA Life Sciences Data Archive and thereby make this information available to the international scientific community.
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AFTE, autonomic conditioni, human, Mir, physiology, Space, spaceflight
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First Biennial Space Biomedical Investigators' Workshop, League City, TX, Jan 11-13, pp. 117-119, 1999
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Curator: Phil So
NASA Official: Jessica Nowinski
Last Updated: August 15, 2019