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Training Principles for Declarative and Procedural Tasks  (2021)
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Future long-duration space flight missions will require astronauts to acquire a large amount of new information (declarative knowledge) and a number of new skills (procedural knowledge), to retain knowledge and skills over extended temporal durations, and to transfer knowledge and skills to novel or unforeseen circumstances. This chapter reviews 11 evidence-based training principles to enhance the retention and transfer of declarative and procedural knowledge that could be applied to training astronauts for long-duration space missions. The principles are organized into those that benefit declarative knowledge, procedural knowledge, and both declarative and procedural knowledge. For each principle, relevant tasks and their limitations are discussed, and the underlying theory is described. (For application of some of these principles to specific tasks involved in astronaut training, see Chapter 4 by Dempsey and Barshi in Volume 2 of this book.)
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Declarative, Principles, Procedural, Tasks, Training
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In Landon, L.B., Slack, K.J., and Salas, E. (Eds.). Psychology and Human Performance in Space Programs. Abingdon, UK: Taylor & Francis
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Last Updated: August 15, 2019