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Applying Research-Based Training Principles: Towards Crew-Centered, Mission-Oriented Space Flight Training  (2021)
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This chapter describes a training approach that applies empirically derived principles of training to reimagining the overall design of NASA’s space flight training program. The chapter is focused specifically on the design of astronaut training for NASA's future deep space, exploration missions to Mars. We briefly describe NASA's space flight training practices during the Apollo and Space Shuttle eras as well as NASA's current practices for training astronauts for their missions to the International Space Station. We provide an overview of NASA's current concepts for a mission to Mars to scope our training approach. We envision a new space flight training approach which we term "crew-centered, mission oriented" training, inspired by the design approach offered in the context of airline pilot training by Barshi (2015). We apply some of the training principles reviewed by Kole and his colleagues in the companion volume (Kole, Healy, Schneider & Barshi, 2019), as well as by other researchers in training science (e.g., Ericsson, Krampe, & Tesch-Römer, 1993; Healy & Bourne, 2012; Salas, Wilson, Priest and Guthrie, 2006), into real-world, practical guidelines for the particular context of training astronauts for a mission to Mars.
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flight, principles, space, training, training, training design
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In Landon, L.B., Slack, K.J., and Salas, E. (Eds.). Psychology and Human Performance in Space Programs. Abingdon, UK: Taylor & Francis.
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Last Updated: August 15, 2019