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Effects of Orientation on Recognition of Facial Affect  (1997)
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INTRODUCTION: The ability to discriminate facial features is often degraded when the orientation of the face and/or the observer is altered. Previous studies have shown that gross distortions of facial features can go unrecognized when the image of the face is inverted, as exemplified by the "Margaret Thatcher" effect. This study examines the time needed for erect and supine observers to distinguish between smiling and frowning faces that are presented at various orientations. The effects of orientation are of particular interest in space, where astronauts often view one another in orientations other than the upright. METHOD: Sixteen observers viewed individual facial images of six people on a computer screen; on a given trial, the image was either smiling or frowning. Each image was viewed when it was erect and when it was rotated (rolled) by
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facial features, gravity, Margaret Thatcher, orientation distorti
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Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 1997, 68:640.
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Last Updated: August 15, 2019