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Facilitating crew-computer collaboration during mixed-initiative space mission planning  (2023)
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As NASA looks toward longer duration missions, there will inevitably be a stronger emphasis on crew autonomy, particularly in the domains of mission planning. Ensuring that astronauts, while subject to lengthy periods of communication delay with Earth-based mission support personnel, are able to independently adapt their schedules to rapidly changing environments is a critical aspect of deep-space exploration. This task will likely require the assistance of computer support systems, as the task of mission planning is complex and currently requires dedicated console operators. A mixed-initiative approach can help alleviate some of the more workload-heavy aspects of planning by offloading the intricate task of constraint management to a computer, while still allowing the crew member to maintain overall control of the plan. Playbook is a mission planning, scheduling, and execution tool that has been developed specifically to support this type of mixed-initiative scheduling. This paper examines: 1) the operational evidence of the challenges and viability of autonomous crew planning, and 2) the novel scheduling capabilities in Playbook that are meant to address those findings.
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autonomy, crew, initiative, interfaces, Mixed, planning, software, spaceflight, user
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In SpaceCHI 3.0, Human-Computer Interaction for Space Exploration
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Adobe PDF Icon  Zheng_etal_2023_SpaceCHI.pdf (Download Acrobat Reader Click to download Adobe Acrabat Reader)
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Curator: Phil So
NASA Official: Jessica Nowinski
Last Updated: August 15, 2019