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Effect Of Contrast On The Perceived Direction Of A Moving Plaid  (1990)
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We performed a series of experiments examining the effect of contrast on the perception of moving plaids. This was done to test the hypothesis put forth by Adelson and Movshon (1982) that the human visual system determines the direction of a moving plaid in a two-staged process: decomposition into component motion followed by application of the intersection of constraints rule. Although there is recent evidence that the first tenet of their hypothesis is correct, i.e. that plaid motion is initially decomposed into motion of the individual grating components (Movshon, Adelson, Gizzi and Newsome, 1986; Welch 1989), the nature of the second-stage combination rule has not yet been established. We found that when the gratings within the plaid are of different contrast, the perceived direction is not predicted by the intersection of constraints rule. There is a strong (up to 20m deg) bias in the direction of the higher-contrast grating. A revised model, which incorporates a contrast-dependent weighting of perceived grating speed as observed for 1-D patters (Thompson, 1982), can quantitatively predict most of our results. We discuss our results in the context of various models of human visual motions processing and of physiological responses of neurons in the primate visual system.
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Aperture, Contrast, Direction, Effect, Motion, Moving, Perceived, Plaid, Plaids, Problem
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Vision Res., 30, 1049-1067.
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Curator: Phil So
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Last Updated: August 15, 2019