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Toward Single Pilot Operations: The Impact of the Loss of Non-verbal Communication on the Flight Deck  (2014)
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Since the 1950s, the crew required to fly transport category aircraft has been reduced from five to two. NASA is currently exploring the feasibility of a further reduction to one pilot. In this study we examine the effects of separating the pilots on crew interaction. The results are consistent with earlier research on decision-making between remote groups. Pilots strongly prefer face-to-face interactions; however, we could find no impact of separation on their ultimate decisions. There were a number of areas in which separation negatively affected communications. We discuss possible mitigations for these areas.
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reduced-crew operations, Single pilot operations (SPO), teleconferencing
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Proceedings of the HCI-AERO 2014 conference, Silicon Valley, California, July 30-August 1, 2014.
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Adobe PDF Icon  Lachter_etal_2014.pdf (Download Acrobat Reader Click to download Adobe Acrabat Reader)
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Curator: Phil So
NASA Official: Jessica Nowinski
Last Updated: August 15, 2019