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Walter W. Johnson
Research Psychologist
Phone: 650-604-3667
Curriculum Vitae  (click to expand/minimize)
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(2015)  Ames Technology Award, Patent Application Award System for Providing a Real Time Audible Message to a Pilot
(2015)  Ames Technology Award, Tech Brief Award for Real Time PIREPs Using Audio Twitter
(2014)  Patent Application Initial Award, Predicted Weather Display and Decision Support Interface for the Flight Deck
(2014)  NASA Group Achievement Award, Single Pilot Operations (SPO) Experiment Team
(2009)  NASA Group Achievement Award, Integrated Testbed to Evaluate Concepts for Pilots, Controllers, and Automation Under Nominal and Off-Nominal Conditions
(2008)  Ames Honor Award, Trajectory Oriented Operations With Limited Delegation (TOOWilD)
(2005)  NASA Group Achievement Award, Joint Ames/Langley Distributed Air/Ground-Traffic Management Simulation Team
(2005)  Privately Sponsored, 2005 Robert J. Collier Award
(2004)  Software Release Award, Pulse Predictor for Traffic Display (part of CDTI- Cockpit Displays of Traffic Information Software Suite)
(2004)  Software Release Award, Flight-Deck Based Flight Plan Modification Tool (part of CDTI- Cockpit Displays of Traffic Information Software Suite)
(2004)  Ames Honor Award, Ames/Langley Distributed Air/Ground Traffic Management Simulation Team
(2000)  Ames Group Achievement Award, Distributed Air/Ground-Traffic Management Planning Team
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PDF download  N. . Ho, W. W. Johnson, K. . Panesar, K. . Wakeland, G. G. Sadler, N. . Wilson, N. . Nguyen, J. B. Lachter, & S. L. Brandt (2017) Application of human-autonomy teaming to an advanced ground station for reduced crew operations, In 2017 IEEE/AIAA 36th Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC) (pp. 1-4). IEEE Click to read more
PDF download  G. G. Sadler, H. . Battiste, N. . Ho, L. . Hoffman, W. W. Johnson, R. J. Shively, J. B. Lyons, & D. . Smith (2016) Effects of transparency on pilot trust and agreement in the autonomous constrained flight planner, In 2016 IEEE/AIAA 35th Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC) (pp. 1-9). IEEE Click to read more
PDF download  S. V. Ligda, U. . Fischer, K. . Mosier, M. P. Matessa, V. . Battiste, & W. W. Johnson (2015) Effectiveness of Advanced Collaboration Tools on Crew Communication in Reduced Crew Operations, Paper to appear in the Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, Los Angeles, CA Click to read more
PDF download  Q. . Dao, K. . Koltai, S. D. Cals, S. L. Brandt, J. B. Lachter, M. P. Matessa, D. . Smith, V. . Battiste, & W. W. Johnson (2015) Evaluation of a recommender system for single-pilot operations, Paper to appear in the Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics, Las Vegas, NV. Click to read more
H. A. Cunningham, M. . Hallett, H. . Battiste, S. . Curtis, M. . Koltz, J. B. Lachter, S. L. Brandt, V. . Battiste, & W. W. Johnson (2015) Examining Response Time-out Causes and Operator Responses to Additional Question Time-out probes, Paper to appear in the Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics, Las Vegas, NV Click to read more
S. L. Brandt, J. B. Lachter, V. . Battiste, & W. W. Johnson (2015) Pilot Situation Awareness and Its Implications for Single Pilot Operations: Analysis of a Human-In-The-Loop Study, Paper to appear in the Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics, Las Vegas, NV Click to read more
PDF download  K. . Koltai, N. . Ho, G. . Masequesmay, D. J. Niedober, M. . Skoog, W. W. Johnson, A. . Cacanindin, & J. B. Lyons (2014) An Extended Case Study Methodology for Investigating Influence of Cultural, Organizational, and Automation Factors on Human-Automation Trust, Proceedings of the ACM-CHI 2014 conference, Toronto, Canada, April 26-May 1, 2014. Click to read more
PDF download  K. D. Bilimoria, W. W. Johnson, & P. . Schutte (2014) Conceptual Framework for Single Pilot Operations, Paper presented at the International Conference on Human Computer Interaction in Aerospace, Santa Clara, CA, July 30 - Aug 1, 2014 Click to read more
PDF download  D. J. Niedober, N. . Ho, G. . Masequesmay, K. . Koltai, M. . Skoog, A. . Cacanindin, W. W. Johnson, & J. B. Lyons (2014) Influence of Cultural, Organizational, and Automation Capability Factors on Human-Automation Trust: A Case Study of Auto-GCAS Engineers, Paper presented at the International Conference on Human Computer Interaction, Crete, Greece, June 22 - 27, 2014 Click to read more
PDF download  K. . Koltai, N. . Ho, G. . Masequesmay, D. J. Niedober, A. . Cacanindin, W. W. Johnson, & J. B. Lyons (2014) Influence of Cultural, Organizational, and Automation Capability on Human Automation Trust: A Case Study of Auto-GCAS Experimental Test Pilots, Paper presented at the International Conference on Human Computer Interaction in Aerospace, Santa Clara, CA, July 30 - Aug 1, 2014 Click to read more
PDF download  J. B. Lachter, S. L. Brandt, V. . Battiste, S. V. Ligda, M. P. Matessa, & W. W. Johnson (2014) Toward Single Pilot Operations: Developing a Ground Station, Proceedings of the HCI-AERO 2014 conference, Silicon Valley, California, July 30-August 1, 2014. Click to read more
PDF download  J. B. Lachter, V. . Battiste, M. P. Matessa, Q. . Dao, R. W. Koteskey, & W. W. Johnson (2014) Toward Single Pilot Operations: The Impact of the Loss of Non-verbal Communication on the Flight Deck, Proceedings of the HCI-AERO 2014 conference, Silicon Valley, California, July 30-August 1, 2014. Click to read more
PDF download  S. . Wu, R. . Luna, & W. W. Johnson (2013) Flight deck weather avoidance decision support: Implementation and evaluation, In Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), 2013 IEEE/AIAA 32nd (pp. 5A2-1-5A2-13) Click to read more
PDF download  D. A. Comerford-Roman, S. L. Brandt, J. B. Lachter, S. . Wu, R. . Mogford, V. . Battiste, & W. W. Johnson (2013) NASA's single-pilot operations technical interchange meeting: Proceedings and findings, (NASA/CP-2013-216513). Moffett Field, CA: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Ames Research Center Click to read more
PDF download  R. . O'Connor, Z. S. Roberts, J. . Ziccardi, R. W. Koteskey, J. B. Lachter, Q. . Dao, W. W. Johnson, V. . Battiste, K. L. Vu, & T. Z. Strybel (2013) Pre-study walkthrough with a commercial pilot for a preliminary single pilot operations experiment, 15th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction. Click to read more
PDF download  W. W. Johnson, J. B. Lachter, S. L. Brandt, R. W. Koteskey, Q. . Dao, J. M. Kraut, S. V. Ligda, & V. . Battiste (2012) An Evaluation of controller and pilot performance, workload, and acceptability under a nextgen concept for dynamic weather adapted arrival routing. Click to read more
PDF download  V. . Battiste, G. F. Lawton, J. B. Lachter, S. L. Brandt, R. W. Koteskey, Q. . Dao, J. M. Kraut, S. V. Ligda, & W. W. Johnson (2012) Comparison of controller and flight deck algorithm performance during interval management with dynamic arrival trees (STARS), 30th EAAP Conference, 24-28 Sep; Italy Click to read more
PDF download  R. W. Koteskey, S. . Wu, V. . Battiste, E. M. Wenzel, J. B. Lachter, D. R. Begault, J. H. Nguyen, M. S. Politowicz, & W. W. Johnson (2012) Enhanced Audio for NextGen Flight Decks, Proceedings from the 4th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics 2012 Click to read more
PDF download  T. . Prevot, B. . Baxley, T. J. Callantine, W. W. Johnson, L. . Quon, J. . Robinson, & H. . Swenson (2012) NASA's ATM Technology Demonstration-1: Transitioning fuel efficient, high throughput arrival operations from simulation to reality, Proceedings of the International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction in Aerospace (HCI-Aero 2012), Brussels, September 2012 Click to read more
PDF download  J. M. Kraut, T. E. Quinonez, S. . Wu, R. W. Koteskey, W. W. Johnson, & V. . Battiste (2012) StormGen: A Proposed Solution to Weather Simulation in NexGen Research, Proceedings from the 1st Annual Conference on Human Factors in Transportation Click to read more
PDF download  W. W. Johnson, J. B. Lachter, M. S. Feary, D. A. Comerford-Roman, V. . Battiste, & R. . Mogford (2012) Task Allocation for Single Pilot Operations: A Role for the Ground, HCI Aero 2012 Click to read more
PDF download  L. C. Fern, R. J. Shively, & W. W. Johnson (2012) UAS Integration into the NAS: An Examination of Baseline Compliance in the Current Airspace System, Proceedings of the 2012 Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Meeting Click to read more
PDF download  J. B. Lachter, V. . Battiste, R. W. Koteskey, Q. . Dao, S. L. Brandt, S. . Wu, S. V. Ligda, & W. W. Johnson (2011) Communication issues for near-term implementation of trajectory-based operations, Lessons from an air-ground human-in-the-loop simulation using FANS, ACARS, and voice Click to read more
PDF download  Q. . Dao, S. L. Brandt, L. P. Bacon, J. M. Kraut, J. H. Nguyen, K. . Minakata, H. . Raza, & W. W. Johnson (2011) Conflict Resolution Automation and Pilot Situation Awareness, In G. Salvendy & M. J. Smith (Eds.), Human Interface and the Management of Information. Interacting with Information (Vol. 6772, pp. 473-482) Click to read more
PDF download  S. . Wu, C. G. Duong, R. W. Koteskey, & W. W. Johnson (2011) Designing a Flight Deck Predictive Weather Forecast Interface Supporting Trajectory-Based Operations, Ninth USA/Europe Air Traffic Management Research and Development Seminar, ATM2011 (Paper 132), EUROCONTROL/FAA. Berlin, Germany, June 2011 Click to read more
PDF download  S. L. Brandt, J. B. Lachter, Q. . Dao, V. . Battiste, & W. W. Johnson (2011) Flight Deck Workload and Acceptability of Verbal and Digital Communication Protocols, In G. Salvendy & M. J. Smith (Eds.), Human Interface and the Management of Information. Interacting with Information (Vol. 6772, pp. 463-472). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg Click to read more
PDF download  V. . Battiste, J. B. Lachter, S. V. Ligda, J. H. Nguyen, L. P. Bacon, R. W. Koteskey, & W. W. Johnson (2011) Is ACARS and FANS-1A Just Another Data Link to the Controller?, In G. Salvendy & M. J. Smith (Eds.), Human Interface and the Management of Information. Interacting with Information (Vol. 6772, pp. 453-462). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg Click to read more
PDF download  J. B. Lachter, V. . Battiste, R. W. Koteskey, Q. . Dao, S. L. Brandt, S. V. Ligda, S. . Wu, & W. W. Johnson (2011) Issues for Near-Term Implementation of Trajectory Based Operations, Ninth USA/Europe Air Traffic Management Research and Development Seminar, ATM2011 (Paper 132), EUROCONTROL/FAA. Berlin, Germany, June 2011 Click to read more
PDF download  S. . Wu, J. B. Lachter, W. W. Johnson, & V. . Battiste (2010) Assessment for the Use of Electronic Flight Bags for Displaying Enhanced Traffic and Weather Information on the Flight Deck, Proceedings of the International Council of Aeronautical Sciences conference (ICAS 2010) Click to read more
PDF download  Q. . Dao, J. B. Lachter, V. . Battiste, S. L. Brandt, K. L. Vu, T. Z. Strybel, N. . Ho, P. . Martin, & W. W. Johnson (2010) Automated Spacing Support Tools for Interval Management Operations during Continuous Descent Approaches, Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting Proceedings (Vol. 54, pp. 21–25) Click to read more
PDF download  T. Z. Strybel, K. L. Vu, L. P. Bacon, J. M. Kraut, V. . Battiste, & W. W. Johnson (2010) Diagnosticity of an online query technique for measuring pilot situation awareness in Nextgen, Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), 2010 IEEE/AIAA 29th (pp. 4.B.1-1-4.B.1-12). Presented at the Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), 2010 IEEE/AIAA 29th, IEEE. Click to read more
PDF download  S. V. Ligda, Q. . Dao, K. L. Vu, T. Z. Strybel, V. . Battiste, & W. W. Johnson (2010) Impact of Conflict Avoidance Responsibility Allocation on Pilot Workload in a Distributed Air Traffic Management System, Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting Proceedings (Vol. 54, pp. 55–59) Click to read more
PDF download  W. W. Johnson, N. . Ho, V. . Battiste, K. L. Vu, J. B. Lachter, S. V. Ligda, Q. . Dao, & P. . Martin (2010) Management of continuous descent approach during interval management operation, Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), 2010 IEEE/AIAA 29th (pp. 4.D.4-1-4.D.4-13). Presented at the Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), 2010 IEEE/AIAA 29th, IEEE Click to read more
PDF download  K. L. Vu, T. Z. Strybel, J. M. Kraut, L. P. Bacon, K. . Minakata, J. H. Nguyen, A. . Rotterman, V. . Battiste, & W. W. Johnson (2010) Pilot and controller workload and situation awareness with three traffic management concepts, Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), 2010 IEEE/AIAA 29th (pp. 4.A.5-1-4.A.5-10). Presented at the Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), 2010 IEEE/AIAA 29th, IEEE. Click to read more
PDF download  N. . Ho, W. W. Johnson, P. . Martin, J. B. Lachter, Q. . Dao, S. L. Brandt, & V. . Battiste (2010) Pilot response to off-nominal conditions in merging and spacing operation, Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), 2010 IEEE/AIAA 29th (pp. 4.D.3-1-4.D.3-13). Presented at the Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), 2010 IEEE/AIAA 29th, IEEE. Click to read more
PDF download  S. V. Ligda, N. H. Johnson, J. B. Lachter, & W. W. Johnson (2009) Pilot Confidence with ATC Automation Using Cockpit Situation Display Tools in a Distributed Traffic Management Environment, Human Interface and the Management of Information. Information and Interaction, 816–825 Click to read more
PDF download  D. A. Comerford-Roman, S. . Granada, W. W. Johnson, V. . Battiste, Q. . Dao, & S. L. Brandt (2009) Pilots' Weather-related Decision Making, Results from a Workshop Survey Click to read more
PDF download  Q. . Dao, S. L. Brandt, V. . Battiste, K. L. Vu, T. Z. Strybel, & W. W. Johnson (2009) The Impact of Automation Assisted Aircraft Separation on Situation Awareness, Human Interface, Part II, HCII 2009, LNCS 5618, pp. 738–747 Click to read more
PDF download  V. . Battiste, W. W. Johnson, Q. . Dao, S. L. Brandt, N. H. Johnson, & S. . Granada (2008) Assessment of Flight Crew Acceptance of Automated Resolution Suggestions and Manual Resolution Tools, 26th International Congress of the Aeronautical Sciences, Anchorage, AK Click to read more
PDF download  Q. . Dao, V. . Battiste, S. . Granada, & W. W. Johnson (2006) Evaluation of the usefulness and usability of cockpit situation display perspectives for ROV operations in approach civil air space, Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 50th Annual Meeting Click to read more
W. W. Johnson, V. . Battiste, S. . Granada, N. H. Johnson, Q. . Dao, D. . Wong, & A. B. Tang (2005) A simulation evaluation of a human-centered approach to flight deck procedures and automation for en route free maneuvering, Proceedings of the 12th International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, Oklahoma City, OK Click to read more
PDF download  W. W. Johnson, V. . Battiste, S. . Granada, N. H. Johnson, Q. . Dao, D. . Wong, & A. B. Tang (2005) A simulation evaluation of a human-centered approach to flight deck procedures and automation for en route free maneuvering, Proceedings of the 12th International Symposium on Aviation Psychology Click to read more
PDF download  T. . Prevot, T. J. Callantine, P. U. Lee, J. . Mercer, V. . Battiste, W. W. Johnson, E. A. Palmer, & N. M. Smith (2005) Co-Operative Air Traffic Management: A Technology Enabled Concept for the Next Generation Air Transportation System, 5th USA/Europe Air Traffic Management Research and Development Seminar. Baltimore, MD Click to read more
PDF download  R. . Canton, M. . Refai, W. W. Johnson, & V. . Battiste (2005) Development and Integration of Human-Centered Conflict Detection and Resolution Tools for Airborne Autonomous Operations. Click to read more
PDF download  V. . Battiste, E. A. Palmer, W. W. Johnson, N. M. Smith, T. . Prevot, J. . Mercer, S. . Granada, N. H. Johnson, Q. . Dao, & P. U. Lee (2005) Human Centered Decision Support Tools for Arrival Merging and Spacing, Proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, Oklahoma City, OK Click to read more
PDF download  M. . Liao, S. . Granada, & W. W. Johnson (2005) The influence of Brightness Cueing on eye movements within a cockpit display of traffic information. Click to read more
PDF download  N. M. Smith, P. U. Lee, T. . Prevot, J. . Mercer, E. A. Palmer, V. . Battiste, & W. W. Johnson (2004) A Human-in-the-loop Evaluation of Air-Ground Trajectory Negotiation, AIAA 4th Aviation Technology, Integration, and Operations Forum, Chicago, Illinois Click to read more
M. . Liao, & W. W. Johnson (2004) Characterizing the effects of droplines on target acquisition performance on a 3-D perspective display, Human Factors, 46, 476-96. Kaiser, M. & Johnson, W. W. (2003). How now, broad tau? In H. Hecht & G. J. P. Savelsbergh (Eds.), Theories of Time to Contact. North-Holland Publishers Click to read more
PDF download  P. U. Lee, N. M. Smith, V. . Battiste, W. W. Johnson, J. . Mercer, E. A. Palmer, & T. . Prevot (2004) Trajectory Negotiation via Data Link: Evaluation of Human-in-the-loop Simulation, HCI-Aero 2004: International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction in Aeronautics, Toulouse, France Click to read more
PDF download  T. J. Callantine, T. . Prevot, V. . Battiste, & W. W. Johnson (2003) Agent-based support for distributed air/ground traffic management simulation research, AIAA 2003-5371, Reston, VA: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Click to read more
W. W. Johnson, K. D. Bilimoria, L. C. Thomas, Q. L. Hilda, & V. . Battiste (2003) Comparison of pilot and automation generated conflict resolutions, AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference and Exhibit, Austin, Texas Click to read more
PDF download  T. . Prevot, S. G. Sheldon, E. A. Palmer, W. W. Johnson, V. . Battiste, N. M. Smith, T. J. Callantine, P. U. Lee, & J. . Mercer (2003) Distributed Air/Ground Traffic Managemnet Simulation: Results, Progress and Plans, AIAA Modeling and Simulation Technologies Conference, Austin TX Click to read more
PDF download  P. U. Lee, J. . Mercer, L. H. Martin, T. . Prevot, S. . Shelden, S. . Verma, N. M. Smith, V. . Battiste, W. W. Johnson, R. . Mogford, & E. A. Palmer (2003) Free Maneuvering, Trajectory Negotiation, and Self-Spacing Concepts in Distributed Air-Ground Traffic Management, Proceedings of the 5th USA/Europe Air Traffic Management Research and Development Seminar, Air-Ground Cooperation Track, Budapest, Hungary Click to read more
M. K. Kaiser, & W. W. Johnson (2003) How now, broad tau?, In H. Hecht and G. J. P. Savelsbergh (Eds.), Time-to-contact. Advances in Psychology Series. Amsterdam: Elsevier - North-Holland Click to read more
W. W. Johnson, K. . Jordan, M. . Liao, & S. . Granada (2003) Sensitivity and bias in searches of cockpit display of traffic information utilizing highlighting/lowlighting, Proceedings of the 12th International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, Dayton, Ohio Click to read more
W. W. Johnson, M. . Liao, & S. . Granada (2002) Effects of symbol brightness cueing on attention during a visual search of a cockpit display of traffic information.. Click to read more
W. W. Johnson, & M. . Liao (2002) The effects of monocular cues on a 3-D target acquisition task.. Click to read more
PDF download  W. W. Johnson, & V. . Battiste (2000) Enabling Cockpit-Based Self-Separation. Click to read more
W. W. Johnson, V. . Battiste, & S. . Holland (1999) A cockpit display designed to enable limited flight deck separation responsibility, Transactions - Journal of Aerospace, 108 (1) Click to read more
L. J. Bernstein, M. K. Kaiser, & W. W. Johnson (1997) Contingency of integrating multiple features as revealed by illusory conjunctions, Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society Click to read more
PDF download  W. W. Johnson, V. . Battiste, S. . Delzell, S. . Holland, S. A. Belcher, & K. . Jordan (1997) Development and Demonstration of a Prototype Free Flight Cockpit Display of Traffic Information, Proceedings of the 1997 SAE/AIAA World Aviation Congress Click to read more
L. J. Bernstein, M. K. Kaiser, & W. W. Johnson (1996) Illusory conjunctions of shape, color, and motion, Presented at the 37th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society Click to read more
W. W. Johnson, & M. K. Kaiser (1996) Virtual windows for vehicle simulation, Proceedings of the 1996 IMAGE Conference, Scottsdale, Arizona Click to read more
W. W. Johnson, & M. K. Kaiser (1995) Perspective imagery in synthetic scenes used to control and guide aircraft during landing and taxi: Some issues and concerns, In J. G. Verly (Ed.), Synthetic Vision for Vehicle Guidance and Control: SPIE Proceedings Volume 2463, 194-204 Click to read more
W. W. Johnson, & A. . Andre (1993) Visual cueing aids to rotocraft landings, In C. L. Blanken, J. V. Lebacqz, R. H. Stroub, & M. S. Whalley (Eds.), Proceedings of piloting vertical flight aircraft: A conference on flying qualities and human factors (pp. 4.1 - 4.20). San Francisco, California: American Helicopter Society/NASA Click to read more
W. W. Johnson, M. K. Kaiser, & D. C. Foyle (1992) Beyond the cockpit: The visual world as a flight instrument, Paper presented at the 63rd Annual Scientific Meeting of the Aerospace Medical Association, Miami Beach, FL, May Click to read more
W. W. Johnson, M. K. Kaiser, & D. C. Foyle (1992) Beyond the cockpit: The visual world as a flight instrument, Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Aerospace Medical Association Click to read more
M. K. Kaiser, W. W. Johnson, L. . Mowafy, R. T. Hennessy, & J. A. Matsumoto (1992) Visual augmentation for night flight over featureless terrain, Proceedings of the American Helicopter Society 48th Annual Forum, Vol 1, 275-280 Click to read more
D. C. Foyle, M. K. Kaiser, & W. W. Johnson (1992) Visual cues in low-level flight: Implications for pilotage, training, simulation, and enhanced/synthetic vision systems, American Helicopter Society 48th Annual Forum, Vol. 1, 253-260 Click to read more
D. C. Foyle, W. W. Johnson, & M. K. Kaiser (1992) Visual cues in low-level flight: Implications for pilotage, training, simulation, and enhanced/synthetic vision systems, Proceedings of the American Helicopter Society 48th Annual Forum, Vol. 1, 253-260 Click to read more
L. . Mowafy, W. W. Johnson, & M. K. Kaiser (1991) Night flight over limited-feature terrains, Presented at the 35th Annual Meeting of the Human Factors Society Click to read more
W. W. Johnson, M. K. Kaiser, J. A. Perrone, & C. A. Awe (1991) Vehicle orientation: The perception of surface slant and glideslope, Presented at the Sixth International Symposium on Aviation Psychology Click to read more
W. W. Johnson, & M. K. Kaiser (1991) Visually Guided Control of Movement, NASA Conference Proceedings #3118 Click to read more
PDF download  W. W. Johnson, & A. V. Phatak (1990) Modeling the pilot in visually controlled flight, Control Systems Magazine, IEEE, 10(5), 24–26 Click to read more
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Last Updated: May 19, 2020