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Perceptual optimization of DCT color quantization matrices  (1994)
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The JPEG baseline standard for image compression employs a block Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT) and uniform quantization. For a monochrome image, a single quantization matrix is allowed, while for a color image, distinct matrices are allowed for each color channel.. Here we describe a method, called DCTune, for design of color quantization matrices that is based on a model of the visibility of quantization artifacts. The model describes artifact visibility as a function of DCT frequency, color channel, and display resolution and brightness. The model also describes summation of artifacts over space and frequency, and masking of artifacts by the image itself. The DCTune matrices are different from the de facto JPEG matrices, and appear to provide superior visual quality at equal bit-rates.
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artifact, color, DCT, image, matrices, optimization, Perceptual, quantization, vision, visual
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Proceedings, IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, Austin, TX, IEEE Computer Society Press, pp. 100-104
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Last Updated: August 15, 2019