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Effects of Body Orientation and Retinal Image Pitch on the Perception of Gravity-Referenced Eye-Level (GREL)  (1995)
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INTRODUCTION: It has been asserted that the pitch orientation of a visual array and of an observer's body jointly determine the perception of GREL. The current study formally tests this assertion over an extended range with multiple combinations of visual and body pitch orientations. METHODS: Ten subjects were individually secured in a CircOlectric bed surrounded by a room (pitch room) with walls that could be pitched at various angles with respect to gravity. The bed and the walls of the room were independently adjusted to each of five positions relative to gravitational vertical: -15, -7.5, 0, +7.5, and +15 degrees, yielding 25 combinations of body x room pitch angles, and retinal image pitch (RIP) conditions ranging from -30 to +30 degrees. Each subject set a target to apparent GREL while viewing it against a background of two electroluminescent strips on the outer edges of the far wall of the room. RESULTS: As determined by ANOVA, the orientation of the room, and its interaction with that of the observer, significantly altered GREL (p<0.01). CONCLUSION: Regression analysis showed that GREL was best described as a linear summation of the weighted independent contributions from a body-referenced mechanism (B) and a visual mechanism given by the orientation of the background array on the retina (RIP). The equation for this relationship is: GREL = .74 (B) + .64 (RIP) - 1.42; r-squared = .994.
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Abstract from Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 1995, 66:505.
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Curator: Phil So
NASA Official: Alonso Vera
Last Updated: August 15, 2019